UPIIS hosts forum exploring correspondences between IHL and Islamic law related to armed conflict

The University of the Philippines (UP) Institute of Islamic Studies (IIS) hosted the forum entitled “Exploring Correspondences between International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and Islamic Law related to armed conflict and their relevance in the Southern Philippines” held at UP Balay Kalinaw on November 18, 2016.

The activity, co-sponsored by International Committee of the Red Cross and National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF), pooled expert panellists and discussants.

Dr. Ahmed al Dawoody -Legal Adviser for Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, ICRC Geneva, discussed Islamic Law related to armed conflict and correspondences with IHL.
Topics that were also discussed were the treatment of prisoners, protection of medical and humanitarian workers, human shields, suicide attacks and women and children in the armed conflict.

The panellists delved on the continuing violations and challenges faced to ensure the observance of IHL, the different interpretation of Islamic Law related to armed conflict and how respect to the two laws be improved.

Among the panellists were Atty. Mehol Sadain, Senior Lecturer of UPIIS and UP College of Law, Atty. Abdel Jamal Disangcopan, Law Reform Specialist from UP, Sheikh Nhorul-am Abdullah, Chairman of Dawah and Masajid Committee in Cotabato City, and Sheikh Mahir Gustaham, ICRC.

Other panellists were Prof. Rommel Banlaoi, Chair of Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research, Pascal Porchet, Head of ICRC delegation, Atty. Algamar Latiph, former chief of Human Rights Commission in the ARMM, Prof. Carmen Abubakar, Member of Shari’a and Islamic Jurisprudence Dept., Philippine Judicial Academy-Supreme Court and Commissioner Mohammad Al0Amin Julkipli of NCMF.

Prof. Macrina Adjerol-Morados, Dean of UPIIS, said, “Academic institutions like the UPIIS can take up more challenging and greater role using instruction and research in educating ourselves and our students in the application of pertinent laws that protect the rights of the people in conflict situations.”

In his post at facebook, Sadain, former NCMF Secretary, said “The Holy Qur'?n sets an important policy in warfare or armed conflict which can be enumerated as follows: 1. Fighting must be in the cause of GOD, or as ordained by Islamic Law; 2. Defensive fighting is advocated; 3. There are limits or rules in war, and these must be observed. These rules replicate the rules under IHL; and 4. Observance of the rules of war is a religious duty, as it draws the love of GOD on those who follow the same.”

He cited Chapter II, verse 190 of the Holy Qur’an which says, “Fight in the cause of GOD those who fight against you, but do not transgress limits for GOD loveth not transgressors."