Prof. Alih S. Aiyub giving inputs on Philippine Politics and Governance System in the continuing Youth Leadership Training Program. Photo by Cocoy Paradan

‘Changing the problematic government structure is possible thru the BBL’

A Moro professor said that the passage of the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) that is compliant with the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) could bring the much needed change on the problematic government structure and system.

Prof. Alih S. Aiyub underscored during his lecture to the participants of the Bangsamoro Youth Leadership Training at Ever-O Hotel, Zamboanga City on November 07, 2017 the importance of passing the BBL that shall pave the way for the establishment of a meaningful autonomous government attuned to the socio- cultural, political, and religious sensitivity of the Bangsamoro people.

Aiyub discussed the current state of Philippine politics and governance and the important parts of history that led into it. 

He narrated the history of the Bangsamoro people starting on the rule of the sultanates and the subsequent colonization of the Spaniards wherein the empire governance was introduced.

He also talked about the occupation of the Americans and their utilization of Neo-colonialism to subjugate the region.

“At the end of American occupation, the democratic and presidential system of governance was established in the Philippines and this unitary system of governance provided a highly-centralized structure where all decisions come from the National government,” he said.

Aiyub also clarified that even though the purpose of creating a local government unit is the devolution and decentralization of power, in reality there is only a delegation of administrative powers.

Further in his lecture, he discussed about the three branches of government and its respective functions and explained that “even though these three branches should provide check and balance to each other, there is actually no direct monitoring from the legislative branch on the implementation of projects by the executive and this cause a certain lack of accountability.”

“The proposed Bangsamoro law seeks to address the lack of accountability mechanisms by changing the system from a unitary form to a parliamentary form of government,” said Aiyub. 

He added, “The Bangsamoro government will also adopt a party-system in electing its government officials where the focus would be on the platforms and not on the popularity of the candidates.”

In the end, the Moro professor encouraged the youth participants to study the BBL so they can advocate it to their fellow youth. 

He reiterated the importance of the support of the youth sector on the BBL because they constitute the majority of the voting population. 

As stipulated in the CAB, the passage into law of the BBL is the sole responsibility of the Philippine government.

CAB concluded the 17-year peace talks between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front which primarily seeks to put an end to the decades of armed conflict in Southern Philippines.